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Depression: Symptoms and Care Options

Image showing how many people experience depression in the united states of America

Depression is one of the most prevalent mental disorders in the US, often known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression. If ignored and left untreated, it can result in chronic health issues. 

Proper treatment, including medication, therapy, counseling, and lifestyle changes, can help to treat depression. Let’s have a look at it in detail.

Signs and Symptoms of Depression

The modern era has made man anxious and depressed. It has affected feelings, thinking patterns, and interactions with other people in everyday life. 

An estimated 17 million American young adults have had at least one major depressive episode in the past year. The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that 15.7 million American adults, or 6.7% of all American adults, experienced at least one major depressive episode in 2014. 

Although depression affects individuals differently, the majority of them exhibit a combination of the following symptoms:

  • Prolonged melancholy or empty sensations.
  • A sense of powerlessness or despair and grief.
  • Guilt or a sense of worthlessness.
  • Rage and irritation.
  • Restlessness.
  • Concentration issues.
  • Fatigue.
  • Modifications to sleep habits.
  • A change in appetite.
  • Constant discomfort, migraines, or tummy aches.
  • A decline in enthusiasm for activities.
  • Withdrawal from family members and friends.
  • Memory loss and weight gain.
  • Unhelpful thought patterns such as thoughts of death or suicide.

Treating Depression 

Depression is a mental illness that affects many people in the US and can result in depressed feelings and a loss of interest in or enjoyment from previously appreciated activities. Depression can affect everyone and occur at any age, but it frequently starts in adulthood.

Positive treatment outcomes have been reported in 80% – 90% of patients with depression, which is good news. The fact that drugs, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two can relieve depression symptoms is one of the reasons it responds to treatment successfully. 

The first step in treating severe depression is to find the right mental health expert who can assist you in comprehending and resolving the underlying causes of the condition as well as creating coping mechanisms to deal with its symptoms. 

Below are some therapies that can treat depression effectively:

Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

The National Institute of Mental Health declares that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is helpful for various issues, including depression, anxiety disorders, difficulties with alcohol and other drugs, marital problems, eating disorders, and severe mental disease. 

Numerous studies have found that CBT, a type of therapy, significantly enhances functioning and quality of life. Numerous studies have shown that CBT is either as effective as or perhaps more effective than other psychological therapy or psychiatric drugs.

CBT can help you identify your thinking and behavior patterns so that you can develop new thoughts and behavior patterns that are more supportive of your overall pleasure. Patients can rectify incorrect self-beliefs that might cause bad moods and behaviors through cognitive therapy. 

The primary premise is that thought precedes a perspective; therefore, learning to replace negative thoughts with positive ones helps elevate one’s mood and self-perception, conduct, and physical condition.

According to studies, cognitive therapy is as beneficial as antidepressants and interpersonal or psychodynamic therapy in treating depression. It has been demonstrated that combining cognitive therapy with antidepressants is an effective treatment for severe or persistent depression. 

Patients who only respond partially to effective antidepressant medication have also found success with cognitive therapy. There is strong evidence that people with depression who receive cognitive therapy experience fewer relapses.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic treatment, commonly referred to as psychoanalytic therapy, assumes that unresolved conflicts, typically unconscious conflicts that date back to infancy, can lead to depression. 

The objectives of this sort of treatment are to assist the patient in better bearing these sentiments and putting them in a helpful context, as well as to help the patient become more conscious of their whole spectrum of emotions, including contradicting and difficult ones.

Unlike several other depression treatment modalities, psychodynamic therapy is typically more prolonged and less rigid. 

These types of psychological treatments help make connections between earlier experiences and determine how those experiences may have influenced how depressed you felt. Additionally, this method can improve specific emotional skills and self-awareness.

Psychodynamic treatment is predicated on the idea that unresolved, mostly unconscious conflicts, frequently dating back to childhood, are the root cause of depression in an individual. 

The therapist hopes to help the patient better understand and deal with these emotions by talking about the events. 

The duration of psychodynamic therapy is typically three to four months, but it may go on for years. There are several techniques for psychotherapy. 

Your therapy may occasionally combine two or more forms, such as one-on-one sessions with your therapist, followed by a group session where you can use your newly acquired skills with others. 

Typical methods of psychotherapy include:

Individual Therapy 

In the personal therapy approach, the patient and the therapist work closely together. It enables the patient to receive the therapist’s undivided attention. However, it has limitations because it prevents the therapist from observing the patient in social or familial contexts.

Family Therapy 

This method works best when family dynamics are being addressed. Family members, including children and teens, may benefit from family counseling. Your therapist can listen to all the family’s concerns and triggers and help them feel better and relaxed in the future.

Group Therapy 

Three to fifteen people are often included in a group treatment session. It allows everyone to assist one another in a group setting. At the same time, they work through individual problems, allowing therapists to watch how participants interact with one another. 

Additionally, it could be less expensive than individual counseling.

Couples Therapy 

This type of therapy focuses on married partners and those in committed relationships who want to improve their relationship and functioning as a couple. Studies have shown that couples undergo treatments to enhance their relationship and live happy and healthy lives.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), which includes dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), was initially developed to treat individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). 

It has also been discovered to be quite successful in treating depression and other types of emotional or behavioral difficulties. It serves as the basis for many of its tactics. However, DBT is distinct in teaching patients how to identify, accept, and manage their emotions.

DBT encourages patients to “dialog” with their emotions and actions, as the acronym suggests. To make positive adjustments, patients are encouraged to question the inconsistencies in their attitudes and feelings. 

To put it another way, a person develops the ability to “speak back to” unfavorable and self-defeating beliefs. They can start to swap out these negative ideas and actions with constructive ones during this process.

Problem-Solving Therapy (PST)

Problem-solving therapy is a therapeutic method for helping people deal with life pressures that harm their mental health. While we all face stress, considerable life pressures or persistent stress can adversely impact our mental health. 

PST is intended to assist those experiencing depression or anxiety in locating and managing such stressors.

To help patients comprehend and manage stress better, PST builds on well-established strategies, including adaptive problem-solving and mindfulness. 

PST aids patients in more efficiently processing the unpleasant feelings that can come up when we go through challenges, such as losing our job or a loved one. Your family doctor can suggest problem-solving therapy sessions to get rid of depression.

Interpersonal Therapy

Gerald Kellerman and Myrna Weismann developed interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) in the 1970s, building on the ideas of Harry Stack Sullivan, John Bowlby, and Adolf Meyer. 

IPT is a sort of therapy that treats mental health problems using a specially structured approach. IPT is intended to assist individuals in addressing present issues and enhancing interpersonal relationships. It is based on attachment and communication theories.

IPT has been adjusted to treat several other mental health conditions and is well-researched as an effective treatment for depression. 

These consist of the following:

  • Anxiety
  • Disordered eating
  • Dysthymia
  • Substance abuse issues
  • Bipolar
  • Postpartum depression
  • Social phobia
  • Post Traumatic stress

Interpersonal therapy focuses on the acts and communications a depressed patient has with friends and family. This therapy’s main objectives are to boost self-esteem and communication abilities in a short amount of time. 

Treatment, which treats three to four months, is effective for treating depression brought on by Loss, marital strife, significant life events, and social isolation.

Self-Help Tips to Fight Depression

Besides visiting your family doctor, the following are some lifestyle changes that can help you out in the fight against depression.

Reduce Stressful Activities 

Stress and depression are related. Adding healthy lifestyle changes can help you treat your depression more effectively. Stress not only makes your depression worse but also increases your likelihood of developing depression in the future.

Stay Social

Your risks of becoming isolated and experiencing severe side effects significantly decrease when you have a solid social network. Since isolation is a significant contributor to depression, you should keep in touch with your loved ones or find a support group that can accommodate your schedule. 

You can also choose to volunteer, enabling you to interact socially and carry out worthwhile and beneficial work for others.

Eat Healthy Food

You must eat well to maintain both physical and mental health. Avoid meals that will lower your energy and mood, and consume a balanced diet. 

Avoid simple carbohydrates, which may give you an immediate boost but leave you feeling lethargic afterward. Instead, choose nutrient-dense foods and complex carbohydrates, and herbal supplements.

Regular Exercise

Adding a regular exercise program to your daily routine can be as helpful as taking depression medication and getting the right treatment from your healthcare provider. 

Exercise is effective because it naturally increases serotonin and endorphin levels. These substances, like antidepressant drugs, make you “feel good.” Adding a regular 30-minute stroll to your schedule can have a considerable impact.

Get Enough Sleep

Improving depression symptoms mostly depends on getting enough sleep of the proper kind. Your mood is influenced by rest; therefore, when you do not get enough of it, you will notice that your depressive symptoms are worse. 

Lack of sleep results in drowsiness, melancholy, moodiness, and irritability. Aim for 7 to 9 hours of sleep each night.

Go Outside

Depression can result in memory loss, Heart disease, living problems, and many other health issues. It’s better to fight against depression instead of finding trained therapists and mental health care providers. 

Getting yourself outside is a good idea to battle depression. Make a plan with your family or those you love spending your precious time with. 

Go for a walk and enjoy some sunlight on the beach. Going outside and spending time with your loved ones will make you fresh and happy, simultaneously killing depression from its roots.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What therapy is most successful in curing depression?

According to research, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered the most effective therapy for depression. CBT is more effective than antidepressants. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) helps patients learn to identify and manage negative thoughts and behavior patterns that can contribute to their depression. 
CBT helps patients identify unhelpful or harmful thinking, change inaccurate beliefs, change behaviors that might make depression worse, and interact with others in more positive ways.

What kind of therapy is used to treat depression?

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) effectively treats depression. It helps an individual recognize and change negative thoughts and state behaviors. People who suffer from depression often struggle with negative thought patterns. These thought patterns can influence our behavior.

How do therapists help people with depression?

To meet each patient’s particular requirements and concerns, therapists collaborate closely with patients to develop custom treatment plans. Patients who undergo psychotherapy might acquire techniques for managing their depressive symptoms and stress. These methods can help people heal and resume their most incredible levels of functioning.

How does therapy help depression?

Therapy helps boost self-esteem, lessen despair and anxiety, strengthen coping mechanisms, and improve social and community participation. Cognitive behavioral therapy and psychotherapy help people deal with mental health-related conditions and feel better after getting regular sessions.

What happens in therapy for depression?

People meet with a therapist in therapy to talk about their issues and learn how to find solutions. The therapist starts by probing you about your problems. They enquire further about your family, education, and general well-being. They pay attention to your experiences so they can understand you and your life.

Seek Professional Help from Haven Detox-New England 

Persistent depression can cause several overall health issues. If you or your loved one are experiencing sadness, anxiety, and despair, it’s time to get help. 

Haven Detox-New England provides quality help to treat mental health disorders. We have a wide range of programs, from substance use disorders to mental health disorders, including residential treatment programs, outpatient treatment programs, CBT therapy, and family counseling. 

Our mental health providers are highly qualified and well-trained to listen to our patient’s concerns. Haven Detox-New England is dedicated to promoting alcohol-free and healthy lives in our community.

Contact us to learn more about our treatment programs and services.